What are allergy shots?
Allergy shots are a form of immunotherapy that involve administration into tissue via a small needle. Treatment takes place in the clinical setting.
Who is a good candidate for allergy shots?
Allergy shots are an optimal treatment choice for individuals with controlled or mild asthma, allergic rhino-conjunctivitis (nose and eyes symptoms), and allergic otitis media (ear symptoms). We offer this treatment to patients specifically over the age of 5 as we do not administer allergy shots to infants. Allergy shots may also be used to treat a severe reaction to insect stings. Finally, this treatment is commonly used to treat allergies to animals and dust.
How do allergy shots work?
Allergy shots, like allergy drops, are effective at reducing allergic response because they increase tolerance to a particular antigen or antigens. We could liken allergy shots to vaccines. The introduction of small doses of antigen into tissue gradually exposes the immune system to incrementally more of the trigger that would commonly cause symptoms. This controlled increase builds tolerance so allergic response diminishes.
How often do you have to take allergy shots?
In the first phase of treatment, the build-up phase, allergy shots may need to be administered at least once a week. This phase of therapy continues for six months or more.
The second phase of treatment focuses on maintenance. This phase involves monthly injections for a period of three to five years, however this is dependent on individual improvement. Once symptoms have decreased, patients may alter their treatment plan to better suite their overall progress.
How long will it take to see results?
We typically expect to see an improvement in symptoms within the buildup phase of allergy shot treatment. However, it may take more than a year to notice a substantial decrease in reactivity to the instigating antigen or antigens.
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Side Effects and Risks of Allergy Shots
Allergy shots have been a common form of immunotherapy for many years. Because there is a small risk of severe allergic reaction within a few minutes of treatment, shots are administered in the clinical setting.
Schedule a Consultation
We are proud to serve patients of all individuals over the age of 5 from areas including Plano, Allen, and McKinney, TX. To schedule your consultation to learn more about allergy drops and allergy shots, call 972.984.1050.